Climate Stories

Fig. EOS-06 OCEANSAT-3 images showing stubble burning and associated smoke transport

SMOG in Delhi Region

New Delhi has experienced severe drop in air quality in the first week of November 2023. The air was said to be ‘unbreathable’. Air Quality is defined as the combined pollution in the ambient atmosphere in the form of solid particles and chemical pollutants. It has been observed that AOD values increased between 2 - 2.5 times, NO2 concentrations by about 2 times and CO concentrations by more than 2 times using MODIS and Sentinel 5P data. EOS-06 images depict transit of a smoke plume over the Punjab, Haryana and Delhi regions. These data indicate that a combination of these events have resulted into a smogy environment. Read More..


NICES workshop at Birla Institute of Scientific Research, Jaipur on Oct 12, 2023. More..

NRSC in collaboration with CCRI signed an MoU to study the Carbon Fluxes with Eddy Covariance in the shaded coffee ecosystem region of Karnataka. More..

Interannual variations of CO2 and CH4 for a decade between the years 2013 and 2022 over the suburban city of Shadnagar, near Hyderabad, India. Visit..

Study demonstrating the potential of C-band SAR for identifying the signatures of convective rain cells. Read more..

Wind power potential at 100m above ground level is close to 1.74 kWhm-2day-1 over India’s mainland and 6.45 kWhm-2day-1 over India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (off-shore region). More..

Temperature-based Heat (TBH), Moisture and Temperature-based Heat (MTBH) maps indicate areas with potential for extreme heat conditions through daily maximum temperatures (in °C) and their deviation from climatological values. Visit..

Intensification of fog due to frequent moisture incursions, called Atmospheric River (AR), from the surrounding Seas is presented. More..

Simulated soil moisture and soil temperature with optimum precipitation and greenness vegetation inputs with accuracies of 0.095m3/m3 for soil moisture and 4.22K for soil temperature with in situ stations. More..






Data Volume (in GB)




Unique Users


NICES is a multi-institutional venture with participation of ISRO/DOS centres and other Departments and national Institutions under various Ministries which will help to strengthen the information base with contributions (in-situ observational and model outputs) from the participating organisations. NICES has been functioning under the guidance of NICES-Programme Management Council (PMC) with a composition of members from inter and intra-departmental institutions under the Chairmanship of Director, NRSC.

NICES envisages realisation of national level climate database generation, derived from Indian and other Earth Observation satellites from polar and geostationary missions for climate change impact assessment and mitigation.

What We Do


Ocean dynamics products, Chlorophyll Concentration, Ocean Color etc. at different scales. More..

Atmospheric Processes monitoring and modelling. More..

Land Use, Soil moisture etc. as ready to use product. More..

Snow fraction datasets. More..

A dedicated atmospheric research laboratory and suite of field instruments to study climate parameters. Know More..

Various awareness program for Students/Professionals/Scientific community. More..


Estimation of CO2 fluxes in the shaded coffee ecosystem region of Karnataka

Collaboration with Central Coffee Research Institute for the Carbon Flux Studies with Eddy Covariance in the shaded coffee ecosystem region of Karnataka

Monitoring and assessment of Air Pollution (MAAP) using IOT sensors

A prototype solution to monitor the air quality on CO, PM2.5 and PM10 using cost effective IoT sensors is developed and demonstrated at “Smart City Hackathon 2018"

Study of Atmospheric and Soil Carbon Dioxide Fluxes in Temperate Mountainous Ecosystem of Western Ghats

Continuous CO2 flux information to study the carbon net-energy in the temperate ecosystem is being generated using an eddy covariance flux tower.


Unravelling the Interannual Changes in the Decade Observations of GHGs as Climate Indicators

Interannual variations of CO2 and CH4 for a decade between the years 2013 and 2022 over the suburban city of Shadnagar, near Hyderabad, India is reported here. Know More..

Wind power potential over India using ERA5 reanalysis

In this study, we estimate wind power potential at 100 m level over the Indian domain using data from the ERA5 reanalysis for 1979–2018 through the Weibull mixture distribution. Visit

Deciphering the Signatures of Oceanic Convective Rain Cells

In this paper, we have used C-band SAR images and near-simultaneous observations from the global precipitation measurements (GPM) to study the signatures of multiple convective rain cells. Read More..